Pollaiuolo, Antonio del

(c. 1431-1498)
   Italian goldsmith, painter, sculptor, engraver, and draughtsman. Pollaiuolo was among the earliest masters to perform autopsies to gain full understanding of the anatomical constitution of the human form. He was particularly interested in depicting the human body in motion. His two versions of Hercules and Antaeus, one painted in c. 1460 (Florence, Uffizi) for the Medici and the other sculpted in the 1470s (Florence, Museo Nazionale del Bargello), clearly reflect his scientific approach as they show the strain of men engaged in physical struggle. His Battle of the Ten Nudes, an engraving from c. 1465 (New York, Metropolitan Museum), reads like a page in an anatomy book. This has led some to propose that the work was meant as a teaching tool used to demonstrate to students in Pollaiuolo's workshop the intricacies of rendering the body in movement. Pollaiuolo's St. Sebastian (fin. 1475; London, National Gallery), painted for the Oratory of San Sebastiano in the Church of Santisima Annunziata, Florence, shows six figures around the saint. Four shoot at him with arrows, while two others reload their crossbows, their muscles flexing and distending in response to their actions. Pollaiuolo preferred mythological scenes to religious representations. In fact, his Uffizi Hercules and Antaeus is among the earliest large-scale painted mythologies of the Renaissance. Another example is his Apollo and Daphne (London, National Gallery) of c. 1470-1480. His Portrait of a Young Woman (1460s; Milan, Museo Poldi Pezzoli) rejects the flat, caricature-like approach of previous masters in favor of a more realistic representation achieved by the inclusion of subtle details of anatomy. Pollaiuolo's paintings show that, for him, the human form was as worthy of study as light and space.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Pollaiuolo, Antonio del — (1431 1498)    Florentine artist who worked with his brother Piero in Florence and Rome. Antonio was known mainly as a sculptor; his bronze statuette Hercules and An taeus (ca. 1475) is his principal work in this medium. The two broth ers… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Pollaiuolo, Antonio del — ► (1429 98) Pintor y escultor italiano. Destacó por el movimiento y vitalidad de sus figuras, en especial las de sus cuadros: Tobías y el ángel, Apolo y Dafne, David …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pollaiuolo, Antonio del y Piero del — orig. Antonio y Piero di Jacopo d Antonio Benci (17 ene, 1432/33, Florencia, República de Florencia–4 feb. 1498, Roma) (1443, Florencia–1496, Roma). Escultores, pintores, grabadores y orfebres italianos. Antonio probablemente fue aprendiz de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antonio del Pollaiuolo — Kupferstich: Kampf der nackten Männer Antonio Pollaiuolo (* um 1432 in Florenz; † 4. Februar 1498 in Rom) war ein italienischer Bildhauer, Kupferstecher und Maler. Pollaiuolos Name war eigentlich Antonio di Jacopo d Benci del Pollaiuolo. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antonio del Pollajuolo — Kupferstich: Kampf der nackten Männer Antonio Pollaiuolo (* um 1432 in Florenz; † 4. Februar 1498 in Rom) war ein italienischer Bildhauer, Kupferstecher und Maler. Pollaiuolos Name war eigentlich Antonio di Jacopo d Benci del Pollaiuolo. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antonio del Pollaiolo — (January 17, 1429/1433 ndash; February 4, 1498), also known as Antonio di Jacopo Pollaiuolo or Antonio Pollaiolo, was an Italian painter, sculptor, engraver and goldsmith during the Renaissance.BiographyHe was born in Florence.His brother, Piero …   Wikipedia

  • Pollaiuolo, Antonio and Piero del — orig. Antonio and Piero di Jacopo d Antonio Benci born Jan. 17, 1432/33, Florence, Republic of Florence died Feb. 4, 1498, Rome born 1443, Florence died 1496, Rome Italian sculptors, painters, engravers, and goldsmiths. Antonio probably trained… …   Universalium

  • Pollaiuolo — Pollaiuolo, Antonio del Pollaiuolo, Piero del Pollaiuolo, Simone del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antonio — Antonio. □ V. cruz de San Antonio. * * * Antonio, Julio Antonio, Manuel Antonio, Marco Antonio, Nicolás * * * (as used in expressions) Antonio Abad, san Antonio de Padua, san …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antonio Benci Pollaiuolo — Kupferstich: Kampf der nackten Männer Antonio Pollaiuolo (* um 1432 in Florenz; † 4. Februar 1498 in Rom) war ein italienischer Bildhauer, Kupferstecher und Maler. Pollaiuolos Name war eigentlich Antonio di Jacopo d Benci del Pollaiuolo. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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